Gender and the Labour Market

Why are women still rare in STEM occupations? Do they self-select into different occupations, or are they actively discriminated against? What job and company characteristics lead recruiters to favour male applicants over female applicants?  Are there differences in the degree of gender discrimination between different STEM occupations and between European welfare contexts? Based on a factorial survey experiment in four countries, we look into recruiters' motives for gender discrimination in the hiring of young skilled workers (with Christian Imdorf, Christer Hyggen, Rumiana Stoilova and Dimitrios Parsanoglou).

How do couples share market and family work after the birth of their first child? How can we explain the trend in Germany towards more egalitarian models? Do institutional reforms account for changing behavior or is it rather a change in gender norms? Together with Anna-Theresa Saile here in Konstanz, I explore the German SOEP data to sketch trends in new parents division of labour over more than two decades and trace changing patterns back to a recent parental leave reform and changing gender norms.

How do relative income distributions within couples affect the retirement decisions of men and women? Under what circumstances do men and women retire earlier or later, and what does that have to do with pension policies and gender norms? Together with Leen Vandecasteele at the University of Lausanne and Susanne Strauß, we investigate how couples influence each others' retirement timing via income constellations and how that influence varies between more gender-traditional and more gender-equal countries.

Publications:

Ariane Bertogg, Christian Imdorf, Christer Hyggen, Dimitrios Parsanoglou, and Rumiana Stoilova. 2020. Early job insecurity and gender discrimination in the hiring for skilled mechanics and IT workers. A factorial survey experiment with recruiters in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland. KZfSS Sonderband „Berufe und soziale Ungleichheit“, Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 72, open access

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