Gender and the Labour Market

Why are women still rare in STEM occupations? Do they self-select into different occupations, or are they actively discriminated against? What job and company characteristics lead recruiters to favour male applicants over female applicants?  Are there differences in the degree of gender discrimination between different STEM occupations and between European welfare contexts? Based on a factorial survey experiment in four countries, we look into recruiters' motives for gender discrimination in the hiring of young skilled workers (with Christian Imdorf, Christer Hyggen, Rumiana Stoilova and Dimitrios Parsanoglou).

How do relative income distributions within couples affect the retirement decisions of men and women? Under what circumstances do men and women retire earlier or later, and what does that have to do with pension policies and gender norms? Together with Leen Vandecasteele at the University of Lausanne and Susanne Strauß, we investigate how couples influence each others' retirement timing via income constellations and how that influence varies between more gender-traditional and more gender-equal countries.


Ariane Bertogg, Christian Imdorf, Christer Hyggen, Dimitrios Parsanoglou, Rumiana Stoilova. “Early job insecurity and gender discrimination in the hiring for skilled mechanics and IT workers. A factorial survey experiment with recruiters in Bulgaria, Greece, Norway and Switzerland“. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 72: 261–289.

Ariane Bertogg, Susanne Strauss, Leen Vandecasteele. “Linked lives, linked retirement? Relative income differences within couples and gendered retirement decisions in Europe”. Advances in Life Course Research, 47 (March 2021), 1-11.